About Albox

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Both its name, al-Boj, and its foundation are of Arab origin, although the first settlements in the area date back to the Neolithic. Albox is an inland destination located in the north of the province, in the Almanzora River basin. A location that provides great contrast to its surroundings alternating the orchard with the esparto and arid hills, steppes and some fields of almond trees.

Its greatest economic time of boom was during the 19th century, thanks to its looms and the pottery industry of artisan character, which gives it a special personality and a certain stately character that has impregnated Albox with an appearance of wealth and prosperity. Proof of this are the bourgeois-looking houses that dot its historic center where there is also room for an important commercial activity that made it a commercial hub for the exchange of cloth, cattle and pottery. Its monumental heritage includes the Hermitage of San Antonio, built on an old Arab mosque, the Parish Church of Santa María and the Church of La Concepción, located in the Plaza of San Francisco and that keeps in its interior paintings by the artist from Almería Andrés Ibáñez together with the image of its patron San Francisco. Without a doubt, if there is a religious construction that arouses more fervor among its neighbors and visitors, it is the Santuario de la Virgen del Saliente. A sumptuous temple built in the last third of the 17th century on an old hermitage to house the image of the Virgen del Saliente. Its enormous dimensions, with a core formed by a rectangle 46 meters long by 54 meters wide, with a total area of ​​2,404 square metres, have led popular tradition to attribute as many doors and windows as there are days in the year. It was declared a Historic-Artistic Monument in 1992.

For centuries, crafts in the Almanzora Valley have been written in marble letters. This region has been the seat of multiple civilizations that have filled the Mediterranean coast, leaving their indelible mark on it. But the crafts of this region not only live from marble, but it is also common to find professionals making unique pieces in ceramics, and pottery, especially in the municipality of Albox where the tradition reaches centuries-old levels through of bottle racks, baskets and all kinds of esparto objects that have become the hallmark of crafts in the area.

Another of the great attractions of the municipality is its great natural beauty. In the northern part of the municipality, the highest, the municipality intersects with the foothills of the Sierra de las Estancias, with heights that reach 1,500 meters at the top of Saliente and on whose slopes rises Monte Roel, crowned by the sanctuary of the Virgen del Saliente and where some of its hiking trails end, such as the ‘Ruta del Agua‘ which visits the natural sources of the municipality. Finally, among its natural heritage it is worth mentioning the Cueva Sima del Saliente. With more than 1,370 meters of altitude and a depth of 156 meters, it is among the 30 deepest in Andalusia.

Both its name, al-Boj, and its foundation are of Arab origin, although the first settlements in the area date back to the Neolithic. Albox is an inland destination located in the north of the province, in the Almanzora river basin. A location that provides great contrast to its surroundings alternating the orchard with the esparto and arid hills, steppes and some fields of almond trees.

Its greatest economic time of boom was during the 19th century, thanks to its looms and the pottery industry of artisan character, which gives it a special personality and a certain stately character that has impregnated Albox with an appearance of wealth and prosperity. Proof of this are the bourgeois-looking houses that dot its historic center where there is also room for an important commercial activity that made it a commercial hub for the exchange of cloth, cattle and pottery. Its monumental heritage includes the hermitage of San Antonio, built on an old Arab mosque, the parish church of Santa María and the church of La Concepción, located in the Plaza of San Francisco and that keeps in its interior paintings by the artist from Almeria Andrés Ibáñez together with the image of its patron San Francisco. Without a doubt, if there is a religious construction that arouses more fervor among its neighbors and visitors, it is the Santuario de la Virgen del Saliente. A sumptuous temple built in the last third of the 17th century on an old hermitage to house the image of the Virgen del Saliente. Its enormous dimensions, with a core formed by a rectangle 46 meters long by 54 meters wide, with a total area of ​​2,404 square metres, have led popular tradition to attribute as many doors and windows as there are days in the year. It was declared a Historic-Artistic Monument in 1992.

For centuries, crafts in the Almanzora Valley have been written in marble letters. This region has been the seat of multiple civilizations that have filled the Mediterranean coast, leaving their indelible mark on it. But the crafts of this region not only live from marble, but it is also common to find professionals making unique pieces in ceramics, and pottery, especially in the municipality of Albox where the tradition reaches centuries-old levels through of bottle racks, baskets and all kinds of esparto objects that have become the hallmark of crafts in the area.

Another of the great attractions of the municipality is its great natural beauty. In the northern part of the municipality, the highest, the municipality intersects with the foothills of the Sierra de las Estancias, with heights that reach 1,500 meters at the top of Saliente and on whose slopes rises Mount Roel, crowned by the sanctuary of the Virgen del Saliente and where some of its hiking trails end, such as the ‘Ruta del Agua‘ which visits the natural sources of the municipality. Finally, among its natural heritage it is worth mentioning the Cueva Sima del Saliente. With more than 1,370 meters of altitude and a depth of 156 meters, it is among the 30 deepest in Andalusia.

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#HISTORY

Due to its privileged geographical position, it has been the passage of different cultures, traces of which can currently be found in the different existing archaeological sites.

Albox owes its foundation and settlement to the Arabs (its name means “the tower” in Arabic), with a history widely linked to the medieval splendor of the Kingdom of Granada since the 13th century</ strong>. In the throes of the Christian Reconquest, in the 15th century, Albox was seized from the Arabs by the troops of the Mayor of the Kingdom of Murcia (Crown of Castile), Alonso Yáñez Fajardo, and later incorporated into his Marquisate of Los Vélez.

At the time of the Nasrid kingdom (14th and 15th centuries), Albox had one of the most important castles in the Almanzora valley, where there were other important fortresses such as those of Cantoria, Oria, Tíjola, Purchena and Serón. At the end of the Reconquest, at the end of the 15th century, the Albox castle, like others in the Kingdom of Granada, was destroyed due to the fear that rebel groups (first Mudejar and later Moorish) could become strong in it. Due to its border situation between the Nasrid kingdom of Granada and the Christian kingdom of Murcia, in this territory several watchtowers were erected, some of which are still preserved, constituting a valuable historical heritage.

In 1518 a strong earthquake, with an epicenter in Vera, devastated Albox, destroying a large part of the houses in the town.

The town of Albojense took an active part in the continuous and persistent Moorish uprisings, which occurred in the 16th century throughout the Kingdom of Granada; It would be King Felipe II who, after defeating the Moors, would decree their expulsion from the region and the repopulation of the town with Christians brought mainly from the kingdom of Murcia, the kingdom of Valencia and La Mancha, Albox then becoming a municipal council or town hall in 1563, under the command of its first mayor, Antón de Andrano.

Although the Barrio Alto de San Antonio – with an irregular layout of steep streets converging all of them in a small central square – was the original nucleus of the town of Albox, it is nevertheless the neighborhood of the Loma de San Francisco</ strong> – named after the old establishment of the Franciscan Tertiary Order – the one that greatest development and expansion in the 17th and 18th centuries. This is due to the link between Albox and the tragic floods, floods and earthquakes that have hit this land periodically.

A momentous event for Albox occurred in 1716, when two priests from Albojense founded a hermitage (later transformed into a great sanctuary) on Mount Roel, in the Sierra de las Estancias, and the veneration of the image of Nuestra Señora del Saliente begins. Since that date, the history of Albojense cannot be understood without the profound imprint of this Marian dedication.

During the 19th century the town played a great role in the fight against the French invaders, of which news of two bloody skirmishes in the years 1810 and 1811 are preserved. That was the time of greatest economic boom in Albox, thanks to its looms , to the artisanal pottery industry and to the transport and trade activity of the numerous muleteers who were in the town. Also noteworthy is the economic activity that has taken place since Roman times around the extraction and manufacture of yellow travertine, a natural stone of extraordinary beauty, very representative of Albox, which is extracted in the Los Marcelinos and Los Rincones quarries. The commercial tradition of Albox turned the town into an economic center between Baza (Granada) and Lorca (Murcia).

#HISTORICAL EPISODES

Through writings and files from the local archives and that of the Royal Chancery of Granada, the panic of the people can be known when they had to abandon their half-ruined houses due to an earthquake to sleep under the open sky on the banks of the boulevard Another historic episode was the yellow fever epidemic, whose initial focus broke out in Cartagena and spread relentlessly, taking lives, through all the towns of the Spanish Levant (including Granada and Almería). Also a terrible flood destroyed Albox on September 11, 1891. Another even greater flood devastated the town on June 26, 1900, causing 6 deaths and the destruction of the upper part of the stone wall that the Royal Police Station had built after the 1891 flood.

Public lighting based on electricity arrived in the town of Albox on January 8, 1914, previously existing lighting based on lanterns.

water supply to the urban center of Albox dates back to 1963, although it took until June 2014 for the municipality to have quality drinking water.

#FAIR AND FESTIVITIES

#HOLY WEEK

The Holy Week of Albox is the Passion Week, the week of the Processions. A week of triduums and quinarios, races with flowers, with tunics, with hoods, a week of cleaning belongings, and a week of arrangements in the parish until well into the morning.

On Holy Thursday the services, exercises, and the first drum noises begin to sound in the streets . These are the first beats of the week, which some have been rehearsing since the end of the previous summer, announcing the presence on the street of Ntra. Lady of Sorrows.

Friday dawns with the flavor of a drum and bugle, with the touch of the fresh flowers of the thrones and the noise of the footpaths of the brotherhood of San Juan , who take to the streets of their neighborhood for a few hours. Then, fast food and the trades. These end with a mixture of worship at the cross and the bewilderment of a celebration, the drums in the street. The white brothers begin to arrive and leave in strict order.

From this moment on, in the houses of the Moorish people, the races and the rush begin. Everything begins to calm down with the prayer and the chaplain’s invitation to leave with recollection, with a penitential spirit and in prayer. The long-awaited moment begins and almost without realizing it, among a host of emotions when looking at the face of our images.

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#HOLY WEEK

The Holy Week of Albox is the Passion Week, the week of the Processions. A week of triduums and quinarios, races with flowers, with tunics, with hoods, a week of cleaning belongings, and a week of arrangements in the parish until well into the morning.

On Holy Thursday the services, exercises, and the first drum noises begin to sound in the streets . These are the first beats of the week, which some have been rehearsing since the end of the previous summer, announcing the presence on the street of Ntra. Lady of Sorrows.

Friday dawns with the flavor of a drum and bugle, with the touch of the fresh flowers of the thrones and the noise of the footpaths of the brotherhood of San Juan , who take to the streets of their neighborhood for a few hours. Then, fast food and the trades. These end with a mixture of worship at the cross and the bewilderment of a “massless” celebration, the drums in the street. The white brothers begin to arrive and leave in strict order.

From this moment on, in the houses of the Moorish people, the races and the rush begin. Everything begins to calm down with the prayer and the chaplain’s invitation to leave with recollection, with a penitential spirit and in prayer. The long-awaited moment begins and almost without realizing it, among a host of emotions when looking at the face of our images.

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#SANCTUARY DEL SALIENTE PILGRIMAGE

Every September 7th the religious pilgrimage takes place that goes from the Plaza Mayor of Albox to the >Shrine of the Salient.

Thousands of pilgrims walk along the course of the boulevard to reach the Sanctuary, located on the slopes of the Sierra de las Estancias in Cerro El Roel, some 18 km from Albox.

The Festival has recently been declared of Andalusian Tourist Interest.

According to tradition, the Sanctuary commemorates a Marian apparition that occurred at the end of the 17th century. The Saliente celebration is one of the most important gatherings of Marian devotion in the province of Almeria and neighboring towns of Murcia and Granada. The next day, the 8th is celebrated on the day of the Virgin.

#SANCTUARY DEL SALIENTE PILGRIMAGE

Every September 7th the religious pilgrimage takes place that goes from the Plaza Mayor of Albox to the >Shrine of the Salient.

Thousands of pilgrims walk along the course of the boulevard to reach the Sanctuary, located on the slopes of the Sierra de las Estancias in Cerro El Roel, some 18 km from Albox.

The Festival has recently been declared of Andalusian Tourist Interest.

According to tradition, the Sanctuary commemorates a Marian apparition that occurred at the end of the 17th century. The Saliente celebration is one of the most important gatherings of Marian devotion in the province of Almeria and neighboring towns of Murcia and Granada. The next day, the 8th is celebrated on the day of the Virgin.

#TODOS LOS SANTOS FAIR

The origin of these festivities, annual celebration during the days around or after November 1, dates back to an important livestock fair , which came to occupy a position among the most important livestock fairs in Spain.

With the passage of time and the transformation of rural areas, the so-called All Saints Fair lost its interest as a cattle fair in favor of the popular festival.

Currently, it is one of the most important fairs in the province of Almería, within which the ‘Midday Fair‘ stands out. , where a festive atmosphere reigns and can last until almost midnight.

#TODOS LOS SANTOS FAIR

The origin of these festivities, annual celebration during the days around or after November 1, dates back to an important livestock fair , which came to occupy a position among the most important livestock fairs in Spain.

With the passage of time and the transformation of rural areas, the so-called All Saints Fair lost its interest as a cattle fair in favor of the popular festival.

Currently, it is one of the most important fairs in the province of Almería, within which the ‘Midday Fair‘ stands out. , where a festive atmosphere reigns and can last until almost midnight.

#COME BACK SOON